HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language used for creating and structuring content on the World Wide Web. It enables the creation of web pages and web applications through the use of tags to organise text, images and other media. Essentially, HTML provides the basic framework upon which websites are built.
HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It is the foundational protocol used by the World Wide Web to define how messages are formatted and transmitted, plus how web servers and browsers should respond to various commands. It is a stateless protocol, meaning that each request from a client to a server is treated independently, without any memory of previous requests. HTTP enables the fetching of resources, such as HTML documents, images and videos, facilitating seamless interaction with web pages.
HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. It is an extension of HTTP that incorporates encryption to provide secure communication over a computer network (primarily the internet). HTTPS uses TLS (Transport Layer Security) or SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) to encrypt data, ensuring that information exchanged between the client and server is protected. HTTPS is commonly used for online transactions to safeguard user privacy and sensitive information.
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