PRI Segment in EDIFACT
The PRI segment is used in EDIFACT to provide price information. It is used in EDIFACT documents such as ORDERS or INVOIC. The structure of the PRI segment is as follows. The example was taken from a UN / CEFACT INVOIC D07A INVOIC.
To highlight the price type, the first composite data element
010 is rather important.
PRI PRICE DETAILS Function: To specify price information. 010 C509 PRICE INFORMATION C 1 5125 Price code qualifier M an..3 5118 Price amount C n..15 5375 Price type code C an..3 5387 Price specification code C an..3 5284 Unit price basis quantity C n..9 6411 Measurement unit code C an..8 020 5213 SUB-LINE ITEM PRICE CHANGE OPERATION CODE C 1 an..3
This means that the gross price for 100 pieces of product xyz (not specified here, since the other segments, such as IMD, PIA, etc. are not listed) is 14.3330 Euro.
The data element
5125 can be used to define the type of price, which is then specified in the data element
The two most important Price Code qualifiers are
AAA (Calculation Net) and
AAB (Calculation Gross).
Gross vs. Net Price
The interpretation of gross and net price in a PRI segment can easily lead to confusion.
Gross and net in this case have nothing to do with taxes. Prices are always stated in EDIFACT exclusive tax. The gross price is the regular price of a product, while the net price is the price that the customer pays.
Here the EDIFACT definition:
5125 Price code qualifier [C] Desc: Code qualifying a price. Repr: an..3 Code Values: AAA Calculation net The price stated is the net price including allowances/ charges. Allowances/charges may be stated for information only. AAB Calculation gross The price stated is the gross price to which allowances/ charges must be applied. ...
Calculation Gross is therefore the price without discounts / surcharges and Calculation Net the price with discounts / surcharges.
Unfortunately, this is not universally valid. While there is agreement on discounts, the Message Implementation Guide (MIG) determines whether the net price includes surcharges or not.
For example, in the INVOIC EDILEKTRO-MIG of the German Association of Electric Wholesale (VEG) e.V., metal surcharges are explicitly not included in the net price.